The Republic of Armenia is situated on the boundary of Southern Caucasus and Front Asia and occupies the Northern- Eastern part of Armenian plateau. The highest point of this plateau is Mount Ararat (5165 m). The RA occupies the territory of 29 800 sq. km. and borders Georgia on the north, Azerbaijan on the east, and Iran on the south and Turkey on the west. The average height above sea level is 1800 meters; the highest point is Mt. Aragats (4090 m); the lowest point is the gorge of river Debed (380 m). The greatest extent is 360 km.
The climate in Armenia is continental. Summers are dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Autumns are known for their vibrant and colorful foliage. Winters are quite cold with plenty of snow, with temperatures ranging between −10 and −5 °C .
Armenia is a Republic. The head of the State is President. The Highest Legislative Body is the National Assembly (Parliament). The main Executive Body is the Government. The capital of Armenia is Yerevan. The administrative- territorial division: 11 regions (marzes) (including Yerevan). The official state language is Armenian. The national currency is Dram.
National Flag – a tricolor with horizontal lines of red, navy and orange evenly distributed from top to bottom. Red symbolizes Armenian Highlands, Armenians’ incessant struggle for survival, Christian faith, liberty and independence. Navy symbolizes the aspiration of the Armenian nation to live under the peaceful sky. Orange symbolizes the talent for creative work and diligence of the Armenian people.
National Emblem– Mount Ararat together with Noah’s Arc and the emblem of four kingdoms of historical Armenia are illustrated in the center – on the shield: the Bagratunies are on the top left, the Arshakunies are on the top right, the Artashesians are on the bottom left, the Rubinyans are on the bottom right. The shield is supported by an eagle (on the left) and by a lion (on the right), and there are 5 vital elements illustrated under the shield.
The sword represents the power and strength of the nation, breaking the chains of oppression.
The broken chain represents effort shown by the nation to gain freedom and independence.
The wheat ears represent the hard working nature of the Armenian people.
The feather represents the intellectual and cultural heritage of the Armenian people (as a quill pen).
The ribbon represents the colors of the flag of Armenia. The emblem colors symbolize the colors of the Armenian flag.
National Anthem: The current anthem – “Mer Hayrenik/Our Motherland” – is based on that of the Armenian Republic in 1918-1920. The author of the lyrics is Michael Nalbandyan
The population of Armenia is about 3.7 million. The population of Yerevan is 1.2 million. 97% of population is Armenians. The Russians, Ukraines, Kurds, Greeks and Assyrians live in the republic too. Approximately 4 million of Armenians live beyond the boundaries of Armenia, predominantly in Russia, USA, France, Iran, Georgia and in the countries of Near East and make a great diaspora.
Armenia is the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion (in 301). The designation of the church is Armenian Apostolic church. The administrative and spiritual center of AAC is located in city Echmiadzin . The head of the church is The Catholic of All Armenians.
The main religious holidays are:
February 13 – The Purification
April 7 – Annunciation
In July – Transfiguration
September 8 – The Blessed Virgin birth
Holidays and Memorial days:
January 6 – Armenian Christmas
January 28 – Army Day
March 8 – International Women’s Day
April 7 – Day of Maternity and Beauty
April 24 – 1915 Genocide Victims’ Commemoration Day
May 9 – Victory and Peace Day
May 28 – First Republic Day
July 5 – Constitution Day
September 21 – Independence Day
December 7 – 1988 Earthquake Victims’ Commemoration Day